النزاهة وأثرها في التنمية الاجتماعية

  • د. عبد الرحمن بن عبيد الرفدي  الباحث أستاذ مشارك بقسم الدراسات الإسلامية، كلية التربية، جامعة الأمير سطّام، الخرج-المملكة العربية السعودية
Keywords: Integrity, Ethics, Development, Values., النزاهة، الأخلاق، التنمية، القيم.


Integrity is an ethical value linked to numerous individual and social life facets. This research focuses on the meanings of integrity and its moral requirements, especially in building a virtuous individual. Societal-wise, integrity plays a vital role in constructing the society and promoting its sophistication and vice versa. For this reason, it has attracted the attention of individuals, institutions, and states. The existence of this trait, its prevalence, and adherence to it means justice, honesty, and virtue, besides preventing all manifestations of corruption. In an endeavour to talk about it accurately, a comprehensive understanding of its two types must be delivered: 1) the appraisable and 2) the reprehensible. In addition to clarifying their types in terms of practice: verbal and practical, and the practical ones, in particular, as it presents an ideal picture of the society and its members; Because it means refraining from abominations, betrayal, injustice and evil, false testimony, and accurate integrity in trade. The research also shows a bundle of integrity effects in the development of the community, such as 1) The consolidation of legal, customary, and regulatory values; 2) The direct processing of corruption; 3) It ensures the welfare of society by providing its requirements in general; 4) Upgrading the capabilities of the members of the society, and 5) improving and facilitating the lifestyle. The most important results are that: a) Integrity does not accept prejudice nor suspicion, b) Its presence in society requires the cooperation of individuals and institutions; and c) Integrity does not adapt to human desires and choices; on the contrary, it is a set of foundations and rules that people should abide by. For that reason, I emphasize that improper goals should not exploit noble pursuits because the virtues of integrity are straightforward and do not accept discoloration.