SYSTEMATIC AND PRACTICAL DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN DERIVATION, INFLECTION, AND MORPHOLOGY
التفريق المنهجي والعملي بين الاشتقاق والتصريف والصرف
This research deals with the methodological and practical differences between derivation, inflection, and morphology. It begins with listing the lexical meanings for each of them, then reviews the signs of the emergence of each term, the most prominent ones referred to, and the development that occurred in each of them that led to its expansion or contraction, and how scholars dealt with different Their times with these terms were differentiation, approximation, or unification, as some of them assigned a field to each term to deal with, and some of them believed that morphology and morphology had one meaning. It contains their books that are the mothers of the books of morphology, and at the forefront of them is Al-Mazini, the author of the book (Al-Tasrif), which was explained by Ibn Jinni in his book (Al-Munsif). And that derivation is concerned with taking one word from another, or flipping the letters of an original from the origins to get all the possible word structures, and combining them by means of the special significance of the letters of the original, and it was found that the morphology and morphology deal with change in the general, and that the morphology has settled on its modern concept after its independence from grammar.